Common Sense Journalism
An extension of the Common Sense Journalism monthly column by Doug Fisher, former broadcaster, newspaper reporter and wire service editor. From new media to old, much of journalism is just plain common sense.
"In matters of style, swim with the current; in matters of principle, stand like a rock." - Unknown (often improperly attributed to Thomas Jefferson)
"It is difficult to get a man to understand something when his salary depends upon his not understanding it." - Upton Sinclair
"Common sense is not so common" - Voltaire "Common sense is instinct; enough of it is genius" - George Bernard Shaw
Tuesday, November 17, 2015
Monday, October 05, 2015
With S.C. flooding, some dam resources
(Updated with story from The State)
Another dam has been breached after the torrential rains in South Carolina, this one in Forest Acres, A close-in Columbia suburb, prompting a mandatory evacuation.
As I noted on Twitter and Facebook, I wonder if this gets state officials to finally effectively address and fund the issue of hundreds of small, marginal dams.
It's not a new thing:
("Even more troubling, six states reported all of their state-regulated, high-hazard dams as “not rated” for structural soundness in 2010. These states are Texas, South Carolina, Hawaii, Florida, South Dakota, and Alaska. Not having a state dam-safety program, Alabama also did not report condition information on their high-hazard dams in 2010."
From NY Times: 4,400 dams nationwide "susceptible to failure."
S.C.'s dam safety details http://www.damsafety.org/map/state.aspx?s=41
(Update: The State newspaper followed up on Tuesday, reporting, as others have, that the state spends about $200,000 a year on its safety program.)
And the Army Corps dam database http://nid.usace.army.mil/cm_apex/f?p=838:12
S.C. has 2,439 dams in the Army Corps database, 671, or almost 28%, high or significant hazard.
This interactive map will let you search by state and county or by ZIP code.
(Make sure under "Layers" you expand "Corps of Engineers Data" and click "ALL NID Dams."
Here is part of Richland County near Columbia. All those little squares are dams, many of them less than 25 feet or lower, privately owned and earthen. (I can't give you a direct link to the map - drill down through the database above.)
Here is Lexington County:
To get details on an individual dam, click on the address option on the tool bar (highlighted in red) and then on the dam's square.
Here are a few selected screenshots of the data that gives you a sense of the issue
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Should the correction be proportionate to the original article?
This debate still continues.
Newspapers tend to bury their corrections. (Of course, broadcasters just tend to ignore most of them -- there's always the next newscast to get it right.)
The argument, at least one of them, goes that putting the correction in that small box on the same page every day means people will know where they are and can find them.
The counter is that people tend to look where they look every day, not necessarily at that page with the corrections box.
I can buy the same-place argument for your run of the mill brief or below-the-fold copy.
But when you banner something across the top of your business page and the central fact of your lede is wrong
Should the correction be done like this?
And when you make a strategic change in wording on your website, shouldn't the correction be noted, even to helpfully (assuming you caught it quickly online) to say it was wrong in some printed editions? (I don't see any note at all on this page giving readers any hint.)
And we wonder why the latest Gallup Poll shows a record low of trust in the media?
Wednesday, September 30, 2015
Columbia, S.C.'s daily newspaper is bleeding ...
If you want the stark reality of what is happening in the newspaper business, the decline -- in hard numbers -- of The State of Columbia, S.C., will help.
The state capital newspaper, for all the times I poke it for kind of dumb things, does good work.
And while papers like the Post and Courier in Charleston do some great work -- as evidenced by this year's Pulitzer Prize and this week's deep dive into how S.C. legislators stretch the limits on their spending accounts, There still is no substitute for a strong newsroom in the same town looking over the pols' shoulders.
So take a look at these figures.
Here is The State's circulation from 2008 as found in an archive on McClatchy's website. It was close to 100,000.
This next archive is from February 2013. the date of the page on The State's own site, though I can't be sure if those are 2009 or 2013 figures. There was a drop of about 10,000 (which would be pretty darn alarming if it were year over year).
Now, the numbers have fallen off the table to about half what they were in 2008 - about 53,000. That's down more than 2,400 from a year earlier or 4.4 percent
Interestingly, you won't find those circulation figures in the "about us" part of the current website, nor how many counties the paper circulates in. This was a paper whose owner, McClatchy, used to boast that it circulated in 23 of the state's 46 counties and was the state's largest paper.
( McClatchy's site does have circulation figures, but none of the other bling. You can read between the lines on that.)
Sunday circulation does seem to be holding its own and even growing. But I can also say from years of taking the paper, the ads appear to be down. (And there is some question whether those circulation numbers include people who don't take the paper but are delivered the inserts anyhow. It's allowed by the industry's circulation auditor, but is sketchy at best when talking about true circulation.)
You can spin this anyway you want, and McClatchy certainly has been hyping its digital efforts lately, even if the company was about five years late to the game on some best practices (like putting summaries on top of stories). But I know The State's digital circulation has not made up for this drop -- and there always is the problem of exchanging digital dimes for print dollars.
I'm not so much in love with the actual paper as with the ethos of a "newspaper" newsroom to uncover and dig. This is one of our biggest challenges, I think -- will we be able to somehow preserve that ethos when there is serious question whether local news will "scale" in a digital age.
This is in the American Press Institute briefing today.
Real-time bidding offers media companies opportunities for new sources of revenue, with projected growth to reach $20.8 billion by 2017. Premium content that attracts a specific audience will be important because programmatic buyers serve ads based on data about the individual visiting the page, according to Christian Hendricks, vice president/interactive media for The McClatchy Company.It will be interesting to see how that plays out and what kind of tensions it presents between the traditional ideal of covering the community versus focusing coverage on niches. Nationally and internationally, a case may be made for niches. But if one proclaims oneself to be a community voice, what does "community" mean in the digital age?
Tuesday, September 29, 2015
Refute/Rebut -- we should get it right
How difficult is it to remember the correct usage for refute versus rebut?
Very difficult, apparently, for The State newspaper, which consistently makes the wrong choice.
Rebut means simply to present a counterargument. Refute carries a much greater weight, the connotation that someone has proved the point.
Nothing could be further from the truth in this story, where the referee's story is being disputed even by the NFL's VP of officials. So the referee "rebuts" but hardly "refutes."
Saturday, September 26, 2015
Usage - amid/against a backdrop
First, I want to point you to an excellent investigation by the Post and Courier of Charleston and the Center for Public integrity into spending by S.C. legislators and candidates.
But I also wanted to point out a usage issue in this sentence because I increasingly hear and read it:
Amid this backdrop, The Post and Courier/Center for Public Integrity's investigation found questionable spending under the state's ethics laws to be pervasive and unrelated to party affiliation or geography.
The preferred phrase is "against this backdrop." That's the point, the backdrop is literally or figuratively in back of the thing projected against it. You're not in the middle of it.
Wednesday, July 29, 2015
McClatchy earnings shows limits of automated stories
There's been a lot of ballyhoo about AP's use of computer algorithms to generate hundreds of earnings stories.
Among AP's reasons was that it could provide much wider coverage. Reporters would still handle the major stuff, the wire service said.
At some point, however, the question of quality vs. quantity was going to raise its head. And here's an example of where the automated system fall short. Here's the AP's auto-generated story on McClatchy's recent earnings.
Here's another version that, I think, is more reporter generated:
There are, I think, going to be a lot of these kinds of stories in the midrange of companies not really big or sexy enough to draw the AP's resources, yet large or important enough in their own way that they deserve more contextual treatment. So, even more so, investor beware and understand the limitations of what AP is doing
Tuesday, June 02, 2015
This is why the health cost system is bullshit
Here is a good example of why the way health care is paid for in this country is total BS.
This week I am going in for some outpatient arthroscopic knee surgery.
So a simple question: What is it likely to cost me after insurance?
Just try to find that out.
My doctor provided me with a CPT code for the procedure and his estimated charges. But then there is the hospital facilities charge, and the anesthesiologist, etc. In other words, lots of hidden charges that would be nice to be able to budget for.
An afternoon of phone calls and online research produces nothing but frustration. The "financial counselor" at the hospital says she can only tell me the total billable cost is $18,000 -- but has no breakdown of codes, charges, etc. Blue Cross/Blue Shield says it can't help without codes. D'oh.
Its online procedure estimator doesn't let me put in the CPT code, so I'm left to use a general rough procedure -- for which the results bear no resemblance to any of the other figures.
So best guess from that is that I will owe somewhere between $1,800 and $2,400. Nothing like a 33% swing.
Dear politicians: If you want to control health care costs, cut the demagoguery and start by insisting on transparency in the cost ahead of time. Many of us want to manage our care. But you don't give us the tools to do it.
Monday, June 01, 2015
Why Intuit's Quicken is a bug-filled quagmire
I have used Intuit's flagship financial management software, Quicken, for more than a decade. It was a solid piece of software, if somewhat geeky in its earlier versions.
But it worked, and it worked well. And when there was a problem, which was rare, Intuit fixed it with some alacrity.
That was then. This is now. And it shows how software companies that concentrate more on layering on features and trying to continually get users to upgrade eventually end up in their own quagmire.
Quicken is now a bug-filled quagmire. Just check the user forums, which are peppered with issues, not just "how to" questions.
It began a few years ago, with Quicken 12, as I remember, when Intuit decided that you could not do cash flow accounting in your budget (in other words, enter negative and positive amounts to budget lines), but instead had to go to double-entry bookkeeping, with income and outflow lines for each applicable category. It also complicated matters with a budget screen that, once you got past January, showed "January" of what appeared to be the following year -- but what really wasn't; if you tried to change that amount you quickly discovered you'd changed the amount for January in the current year.
The forums went nuts. Well, users were told, that might be changed in the next edition, but no changes that year. (Some improvements have been made in later editions.)
Skip forward to Quicken 15. I've discovered at least three bugs, one of them serious and introduced with a recent update (R7), and a fourth that hasn't affected me but is so serious that it's locked people out of their password-protected data files. The bug is so bad that even the update to "fix" it (R8) can't necessarily unlock those corrupted files, according to Inuit's own posting.
NOTE: This patch cannot unlock files that are already locked. This could not be resolved with product update without adversely impacting the data quality any further.Now, if you are introducing critical flaws with your updates, most of which are applied automatically, you've got a serious, serious issue as a software company.
The three bugs I have found fall into the category of one serious and two convenience.
- With R7, the reconcile function on many registers has stopped working properly. It is failing to always decrement the account totals as you clear individual items. If you do not notice this and click "finish" after clearing all your items, you are likely to get an out of balance warning and Quicken's helpful suggestion to put the excess in a "Misc." category -- which would royally screw things up even more. (The "solution," for now at least, is to click on "finish later" and then go back to reconcile. Usually the amounts have then properly adjusted.) The R8 update did not fix this. And I am far from alone -- there are numerous threads on the customer forums (here's one), but no indication Intuit is paying attention.
- From the beginning, two functions on the calendar have been screwy. These are more convenience issues, but they worked in previous versions and do save time:
- Half the time, if you put in a calendar entry, it does not refresh and show up unless you click to the prior or previous month and then back to the month in which you put the entry.
- If you right (or CTRL-) click on a calendar date and select Add Reminder, a bill reminder comes up automatically with no option to add transfer or income reminders. To get those, you have to go to the "Bill and Income Reminders" tab and then click "Add Reminder." Not a huge deal, but, again, extra clicks and loss of functionality in previous versions.
In other words, there's nothing "quick" about Quicken.
To Intuit's credit, it did respond to my plaintive tweets, initially by sending me to the infernal "contact us" form (that generally tries to shunt you off to the customer forums where the "superusers" tend to tell you you don't know what you're talking about ). The options there? Phone or chat.
Later, it tweeted a link to an online survey where you have to vote for what feature you'd like to see improved just so you can dump all the issues into an "other" box. It's lame, but I'd encourage every Quicken user with issues to "flood the zone" so to speak till they take it down.
Good software organizations like Mozilla have an easy way to report issues. They get customer service -- and they don't even charge for their software.
One other thing reflects Intuit's "just don't get it" situation. Most times, Quicken will update automatically, if a patch is available, when you start it. (This can be both good and bad -- just ask the users for whom R6 thoroughly corrupted their files. Even the dreaded Microsoft gives you the option of being notified of updates but not applying them till you say so.) But I've had times when the download does not complete. So just go and do it manually, right, by finding the "software update" button off the menus? Ha! There are updates, but you have to do a "one step update," which also involves updating accounts or portfolios, etc. (at least one of them) so you can get a message when that is complete that there is a software update you can download and apply. How screwy is that? (And god forbid that somehow it doesn't download correctly that time, either. Then it's back to "one step update.") How hard would it be to put a " check for updates" entry in the menu as most decent software companies do?
In short, there was a time I highly recommended Quicken. Not anymore.
Maybe Intuit will get its act back together someday.
Meanwhile, I'm in 47 minutes into holding with the repeated assurance that "your call will be answered shortly."
Update: One hour, 9 minutes and counting.
Update: 1 hour, 32 minutes later. It appears Intuit may have solved the issue with the Mondo patch (which is not noted in the related threads I've been following on the customer forums -- and as noted I already had updated to R8) http://quicken.intuit.com/support/help/patching/quicken-2015-for-windows-release-notes--updates--and-mondo-patch/GEN86565.html
The calendar issues are not fully resolved. I'm seeing fewer needs to refresh but the add reminder issue still is unresolved.
Tuesday, May 05, 2015
Yahoo Finance: Playing a little loose with quotes
So when does butting two quotes together -- even with the attribution in the middle -- become misleading?
I generally tell students to avoid it unless there is all but the shortest of breaks between them.
Yahoo Finance took some serious liberties with this one, however, in this story about T-Mobile taking on Verizon.
Here is the quote in the story:
"There is huge price competition going on among the carriers and it's very good for consumers," he says. "If T-Mobile is willing to eat my contract I'm definitely going to give them consideration, whereas in the past I might not have."
Now take a look at the video. The first quote begins at 1:50. Then there is a big gap, until the second quote begins at 1:13. I contend this is too much to imply these quotes were said back to back or nearly so. Your thoughts?